Hedging, Unusual Fruits, and Nitrogen Fixers

* = Nitrogen fixer

AMELANCHIERS – the Juneberries
Amelanchier Ballerina  Shrub to 2 metres, large white blossom, attractive foliage, good autumn colour, good quality berries July. Grafted plants

Amelanchier Prince William 1.5 metre tall multi-stemmed shrub; the largest fruited of our Juneberries with good flavour and creamy flowers. Supplied as branchy bushes.

Amelanchier alnifolia ‘Obelisk’ Upright form of the Saskatoon, said to be the best tasting Juneberry species. Sweet and ornamental.

Saskatoons: cultivated strains of Amelanchier alnifolia from North America – all self-fertile.        Very hardy and ornamental shrubs that have survived flooding at the nursery at least 3 times! Ripen July in UK. £16.00

JB 30 – 2-3 metres. High yielding with good flavour berries.

Martin – an early and uniform ripening strain

Northline – well flavoured and yields well.

Smoky – Sweet flavour and reliable crops

Thiessen – the largest berried saskatoon and an early ripener.
Amelanchier canadensis Juneberry – tall shrub, attractive white blossom followed by edible black berries.

Amelanchier lamarckii Juneberry – similar to the above with a neat oval leaf, both have bronzy new foliage.

Amelanchier rotundifolia Snowy Mespilus –European erect suckering shrub, white blossom and edible blue-black berries.

Amelanchier spicata Garden Shadblow – small bushy shrub under 2 metres tall. White upright blossom and edible dark purple fruit.

Aronia melanocarpa = Chokeberry.Viking  Thornless deciduous shrub to 2 metres. Black berries grown commercially for juice. They turn black early but leave on bush as long as you can.

Aronia melanocarpa Hugin As above but a dwarf bush to 1 metre; good autumn colour.

Atriplex halimus – Salt Bush – Evergreen, grey/green shrub to 1.5 metres. Edible & tasty leaves and young shoots. Good by the sea.

Berberis darwinii  – Evergreen shrub, orange flowers May, tasty but seedy berries June/July. Trouble free, grows almost anywhere.

Berberis vulgaris – Barberry – Ancient naturalised berry plant and spiny hedger.

*Caragana arborescens Siberian Pea Tree – Edible yellow flowers & young pods. Needs full sun & good drainage.

Chaenomeles x superba Japanese Quince Boule de Feu – shrub eventually to 2 metres, red blossom over a long season, numerous fruits.

Chaenomeles japonica Cido or Northern Lemon – shrub to 15 metres. Bred in Latvia specifically for the fruit preserves industry. Very high Vit.C and twice the usual pectin content. Heavy crop. Orange/red blossom.

Cornus kousa chinensis – Kousa – Deciduous ornamental shrub to 2m. with edible berries joined in clusters. Large white flowers in June.

Cornus mas – Cornelian Cherry Late winter flowering large shrub, red berries used for preserves. Clips to make a hedge.

Cornus mas – Jolico Much improved form of Cornel with abundant fruits 2-3 times the normal size, higher sugar and Vit.C content. Grafted bush £20.00
Cornus mas Schonbrunner Gourmet Dirndl Even higher sugar content, large pear shaped fruit. a robust variety. £20.00

Crataegus arnoldiana Well flavoured large red fruits; beautiful small tree. On thorn rootstock.

Crataegus biflora Glastonbury Thorn – famous winter & summer blooming thorn. On thorn rootstock.

Crataegus pinnatifida var. major Big Gold Star Grown commercially Central Asia for its large red fruits. Can crop heavily in UK.

*Elaeagnus angustifolia Russian Olive narrow leaved grey/green deciduous large shrub / small tree, sweet mealy fruits.

*Elaeagnus angustifolia caspica Silver Russian Olive Very silvery leaves, deciduous, sweet but mealy fruit in autumn.

*Elaeagnus umbellata Deciduous large shrub, fragrant flowers May/June, red speckled fruits in autumn.

*Elaeagnus x ebbingei Evergreen nitrogen fixer to 2m. Small fragrant autumn flowers, fruits in spring.

*Elaeagnus x ebbingei Limelight As above but variegated. Thought to be a good pollinator for other x ebbingei types.

*Genista tinctoria – Dyer’s Greenweed – ‘Royal Gold’ – ornamental cultivar of this native dye specie, up to 75 cms, rich yellow flowers over a long season, fixes some Nitrogen, open site, will self sow.

*Hippophae rhamnoides –Sea Buckthorn 40-60 cms
Native spiny shrub, acid orange berries and silver grey narrow leaves. Fruit extremely vitamin rich, Plants either female or male, plant a mix of 5:1 for good pollination.

*Hippophae improved fruiting varieties:
Askola – female Fast grower to 4 or 5 m. Abundant deep orange fruit ripening late August.
Frugana – female to 4 m. Shiny light orange berries ripening mid-August

Hergo – female Vigorous upright variety, early ripening, heavy yielding, a good commercial variety, high carotin content.

Leikora – female. Broad upright shrub, heavy yield of densely packed berries, productive and ornamental. Late ripening, Sept-Oct.
Orange Energy – female – Densely packed large berries ripe late September. Sturdy upright growth. Considered one of the best available.
Pollmix 1 & Pollmix 2 & Pollmix 3 – males
Sirola – female. Easy picking, sweeter flavour, early ripening, good garden variety.

 

Humulus lupulus Dwarf Hop ‘Prima Donna’ Deciduous climber, stems die back in winter. This is a dwarf form that will reach 2 to 3 metres. Produces cones that are good for brewing and medecinal uses. Shoots of new spring growth to about 50cms long can be lightly cooked as a vegetable. Raised at East Malling as part of their hop breeding project.

Lonicera caerulea edulis Honeyberry
Siberian spreading shrub to about 2 metres. Frost resistant flowers open March onwards and are much enjoyed by the early bumblebees, followed by blue fruits later. Two varieties needed for cross pollination.

Blue Velvet  – large blue berries, compact spreading shrub.

Balalaika Heavy cropping with large sweet berries, up to 3 cms  long.

Myberry Farm makes a bush 1.5 to 2 metres and berries to 3 cms. Heavy cropping and well flavoured.

Lycium barbarum Goji Berry
Berries with high antoxidant levels. Arching shrub with pendant orange fruit. A naturalised scrambling shrub in some UK hedgerows.

Lycium barbarum Goji Berry – Big Life Berry  grown in China for its high medecinal value and sweet taste.

 

Oregon Grape
Evergreen shrub to 1 metre. Spreading by suckers. Yellow heads of flowers in spring, edible black berries follow over a long period. Young plants.

Toona cedrela Flamingo fast growing in warmer climes but slower outdoors here, medium sized tree. Edible young shoots. Variegated leaves. Fragrant flowers.

Sambucus nigra BLACK LACE Stunning variety of Elder with dissected purple/black leaves, pink-centred flowers, berries just as useful as the normal type.

Sambucus nigra Haschberg Very heavy cropping Austrian variety; 25 tonnes /hectare; ripening mid September.

Zanthoxylum simulans Sechuan Pepper Leaves and fruits used for flavouring, bee plant.
Hedging – prices for tree whips will be updated October/ November 2015. 

*= nitrogen fixer; p.g. = pot grown; ts = transplants with branching root systems
Whip height in cms.

Acer campestre – Field Maple ts

*Alnus cordata – Italian Alder
*A. glutinosa – Alder
*A. incana – Grey Alder
*A. rubra – Red Alder
*A. viridis – Green Alder
Berberis vulgaris – Barberry – 30-40 branched

Betula pendula – Birch

*Caragana arborescens – Pea Tree – 60 – 90

Carpinus betulus – Hornbeam

Castanea sativa – Sweet Chestnut 60 – 90

Chaenomeles japonica – Flowering Quince – 40-60 bushy 3.00

Cornus mas – Cornelian Cherry 40 – 50 4.00

Cornus kousa chinensis – Kousa 50 – 60

C. sanguinea – Dogwood

Corylus avellana – Hazel

C. monogyna Hawthorn transplants 60 – 80

*Eleagnus angustifolia 50 – 80
*Elaeagnus angustifolia caspica 60 – 90
*E. x ebbingei (evergreen) p.g 30 – 50
*E x ebbingei ‘Limelight’ variegated
*E.pungens MACULATA 3 ltr
*E. umbellata 60 – 90

Euodia hupehensis – Bee Tree – small tree to 6 metres. Whitish flowers in August rich in nectar and loved by bees.
Euonymus europaeus – Spindle 60-90 3.00

Fagus sylvatica – Beech 40 – 60

F. s. Atropurpurea – Purple Beech 40 – 60

*Hippophae – Sea Buckthorn 40 – 60 Un-sexed plants, pot luck.

Juglans regia – Common Walnut 100 – 150 10.00
Juglans nigra – Black Walnut 100-150 10.00

Mahonia aquifolium – Oregon Grape 40-60

Pinus pinea – Stone (Nut) Pine c.g. 10.00

Prunus avium – Wild Cherry
P. cerasifera – Cherry Plum 80-100 2.50
P. padus – Bird Cherry

P. spinosa – Blackthorn 80 – 100 £2.50

Pterocarya fraxinifolia – Caucasian Wingnut – excellent tree for close to the water table, suckering, often multi-stemmed, some fine examples in Cambridge Botanic Garden. 30 metres.

Quercus robur – Oak

Rhamnus cathartica – Buckthorn – native shrub of lowland valley bottoms, medicinal and the food plant of the Brimstone butterfly larvae.

*Robinia pseudcacacia – Black Locust – vigorous, fast growing tree, may sucker, high calorific wood, makes acacia honey.

Rosa canina – Dog Rose 60 – 80 1.50
Also R. glauca – R. rugosa – white, red or mixed -R. pimpinellifolia

Salix hookeriana – Dune Willow – Shrub to 4+ metres. Large, broad silvery leaves suit floristry. Used for thicker basketry. Suits a damp or coastal/salty site. Ours is a male clone taken from a tree in Buckingham Palace Gardens. 2 year old whips, £4.00

Salix viminalis – Osier 60 – 90

Sambucus nigra Elderberry Black Lace’ 2 litre 7.00 Black cut leaves, pink flowers, black fruit, stunning.

Sorbus aucuparia – Rowan 100-150 cms

Sorbus domestica – Service Tree 30-45

Taxus baccata – Yew p.g. 3 litre 10.00

Tilia cordata – Small Lvd. Lime 60-80
Tilia platyphyllos – Large Lvd. Lime 40 – 60

*? Gleditsia triacanthos – Honey Locust – U.S. tree, thorny, possibly Nitrogen fixing, stands pollution and drought, best in warm areas.

*Ulex europaeus – Gorse 30-40

Viburnum lantana – Wayfaring Tree 60 – 80
V. opulus – Guelder Rose

*Wisteria sinensis – Wisteria plants raised from seed